Colonial Williamsburg®

History.org: The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation's Official History and Citizenship Website

CW Foundation navigation

The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation

You are viewing our regular site | View a mobile version. Hide this x

Page content
Reset text sizeResize text larger

MAY 2013

VOLUME 11, ISSUE 9

Williamsburg's Indian School

In his second inaugural address, Thomas Jefferson spoke on the necessity of "educating" Native Americans in white ways: "Humanity enjoins us to teach them agriculture and the domestic arts, to encourage them to that industry which alone can enable them to maintain their place in existence and to prepare them in time for that state of society which to bodily comforts adds the improvement of the mind and morals." This was not a new idea in Jefferson's time: Indian boarding schools such as the Indian School at William & Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia, had already been attempting to "civilize" Native American children without much success. Programs of forcing Native American children into boarding schools to learn academic and job skills, as well as white, European-American culture and the Christian religion, continued until the mid-twentieth century. For more on these "Indian Schools," see "Williamsburg's Indian School," and "The Indian School at William & Mary."


Primary Source of the Month

Pupils at the Carlisle Indian Industrial School
Pupils at the Carlisle Indian Industrial School
Pennsylvania, circa 1900
Wikimedia Commons

At various points during the past three centuries, Native Americans from across what is now the United States were taken from their homes, sometimes forcibly, to be educated at Indian boarding schools like the one at Carlisle, Pa. They were expected to give up their Native beliefs, languages, and religions and assimilate themselves into white American culture. Children were taught reading and writing and instructed in other daily-life skills with the expectation that they would bring this knowledge back to their families and tribal groups and “assimilate” them as well.


The Bill of Rights EFT
The Next Electronic Field Trip
is The Bill of Rights
October 10, 2013


Teaching News

Gift to the Nation

Colonial Williamsburg’s Gift to the Nation Free Electronic Field Trip

“Founders or Traitors”
Register Now at http://giftnation.history.org

Complimentary Access for One Year Starting May 1, 2013
Colonial Williamsburg’s Gift to the Nation provides teachers with unique resources to engage students in the study of citizenship and the values that shaped our nation. The Electronic Field Trip “Founders or Traitors” explores the later part of 1776, which were “the times that try men’s souls.” Join Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and Edward Rutledge as they meet with British admiral Lord Howe, hoping to end the American rebellion peacefully. Discover the signers of the Declaration of Independence and the risks they took.

  • Available online 24/7 from May 1, 2013 to April 30, 2014
  • On-demand video streaming over the Web
  • Email John Adams
  • Interactive online games
  • Downloadable resources, such as the teacher guide and program script (PDF)
  • Comprehensive lesson plans

View the complete 2013-2014 Electronic Field Trip schedule

Register Now at http://giftnation.history.org/


Podcasts

New podcasts posted every Monday!
This month's vodcast: Spring Gardening


The Idea of America
The Idea of America
A digital American history program that inspires and prepares high school students for active citizenship, developed by Colonial Williamsburg and distributed by Pearson Education.

**Learn more in America: The Pocket Guide, a quick yet comprehensive look at our revolutionary framework for understanding and teaching American history.**



Colonial Williamsburg CONNECT

Teacher Community


Teaching Strategy: Boarding at an Indian School

The Carlisle Indian Industrial School in central Pennsylvania, which opened to students in 1879, was one of the most influential boarding schools for American Indians. Students, many of them forcibly taken from their homes on reservations far away, attended classes to learn to read and write, as well as acquire daily-life skills. The hope was that they would take this knowledge back home and teach others. Students will compare/contrast their own lives with children in the boarding schools and explore three perspectives to walk in the shoes of the students, parents, and teachers.


Colonial Williamsburg Teaching Resources for Your Classroom

2012–2013 Teaching Resources Catalog

Colonial Williamsburg offers a variety of quality American history instructional materials, including:

  • Discovering the Past Through Archeaology Classroom Simulation
  • American Indian Bandolier Bag Hands-on History Kit

Check out our lesson plans on ABC-CLIO!


Kids Zone: History, Games & Fun


Quotation of the Month

"We can end their existence among us as such separate people by a broad and generous system of English education and training, which will reach all the 50,000 children … instead of feeding, clothing and caring for them from year to year, put them in condition to feed clothe and care for themselves. … that not only may we fit him to go and come and abide in the land where ever he may choose, and so lose his identity."

— Richard Henry Pratt, founder and superintendent of the Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Pennsylvania. From The Indians: Origin and History of Work at Carlisle, The American Missionary Volume 0037 Issue 4 (Apr 1883), p. 108-111.



Facebook Logo
Colonial Williamsburg for Teachers


2010 Distance Learning Award
21st Century Award
for Best Practices in Distance Learning,
preK–12
United States Distance Learning Association, 2010

2011 AEP Finalist
Distinguished Achievement Award Finalist 2011
Association of Educational Publishers



The Colonial Williamsburg Electronic Field Trip Series is supported in part
by the William and Gretchen Kimball Young Patriots Fund.

If you would like to subscribe to the Teacher Gazette, please send an email to teachergazette@cwf.org with the subject heading "subscribe."

If you would like to be removed from future Teacher Gazette mailings, please send an email to teachergazette@cwf.org with the subject heading "unsubscribe."



Footer