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Primary Source of the Month
"Map Showing the Distribution of the Slave Population of the Southern States..."
Drawn by Edwin Hergesheimer and engraved by Thomas Leonhardt.
Published by Henry S. Graham, 1861.
Library of Congress, Geography and Maps Division [G3861.E9 1860 .H4 CW 13.2]
This map shows the percentage of slaves in the population of each of the counties of the southern states. It was sold to raise money for sick and wounded soldiers in the Union army, and was drawn based on information from the census of 1860.
These notes appear on the map:
[lower left-hand corner] "Census Office, Department of the Interior, Washington, Sept. 9th, 1861. After a careful examination of the above very interesting map I am prepared to state that it not only furnishes the evidences of great care in its execution, but can be relied on as corresponding with the official returns of the 8th Census. [Signed in facsimile] Jos. C. G. Kennedy, Superintendent."
[center right-hand side] "NOTE. It should be observed, that several counties appear comparatively light. This arises from the preponderance of whites and free blacks in the large towns in those counties. . . The figures in each county represent the percentage of slaves. . ."
For a zoomable version of this map, please go to http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.gmd/g3861e.cw0013200.