SMALL MAN, BIG THINKING
James Madison (1751 – 1836) was born into a prominent Virginia planting family. Notoriously quiet and reserved to match his mere height of five-foot-four-inches, Madison studied at the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) and became immersed in the philosophy, values and modes of thinking of the Age of Enlightenment.
Madison attended the Fifth Virginia Convention in Williamsburg, where the colony became the first to vote for independence, in 1776. Due to his stature and frequent poor health, Madison never saw battle. Instead, he grew to prominence as a leader and an engineer of the American Revolution, who thought and worked hard to determine how the ideas that Patriots fought for could be wrapped into legislation.
Madison played a decisive role in the drafting and promoting the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. He advocated religious freedom, drafting the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom with his close political friend and confidant Thomas Jefferson. As one of the three authors of the Federalist Papers, Madison also helped to shape the two-party system that emerged in the 1790s.
Through and beyond the revolution, Madison served on the Virginia House of Delegates, as a Council of State, on the Second Continental Congress, as a congressman, as Secretary of State and finally two terms as president.
Madison was survived by his wife Dolly when he died at Montpelier, his home in Orange County, Virginia in 1836.
Meet a Nation Builder
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Step into the past with a Nation Builder and learn about their contribution to the founding of our nation.
A Public Audience with the 1st President, George Washington
Meet with President Washington as he looks back over his long career in public service.
Nation Builders Discuss the Rights of Women
Join two Nation Builders to discuss how they viewed and debated the rights of women.
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