Whether you’re looking to read up on this topic before joining the conversation, or want some further reading afterward, here’s our recommended reading.
Colonial Williamsburg Resources
- The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation offers the following resources Resources for Understanding Race and Inequality Through History.
- A Future and a Hope, a blog by Colonial Williamsburg historian Cathleene B. Hellier, offers a fascinating look into Robert Carter III’s Enslaved Workforce in Williamsburg.
- William E. (Bill) White’s Defining Principles in Colonial Williamsburg’s Summer 2017 issue of Trend & Tradition offers a look at how George Mason’s Virginia Declaration of Rights offered a blueprint for a fledging nation.
- David Wilson’s Freedom of the Press in the eyes of the Founding Fathers investigates the Founding Father’s views on the power and influence of the press.
- Vanessa Patrick, "'As good a joiner as any in Virginia': African-Americans in the eighteenth-century building trades : a sourcebook" (1995, CWF)
- Jeffrey E. Klee, "Room for Improvement," Trend & Tradition, Spring 2019.
Resources from other Cultural Institutions
- The Smithsonian’s National Museum of African American History and Culture offers A Nation's Story: 'What to the Slave is the Fourth of July? a blog from Mary Elliott, Curator of American Slavery at the museum.
- The Declaration of Independence: A Global History. By David Armitage. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2007.
- Flushed with Notions of Freedom: The Growth and Emancipation of a Virginia Slave Community. By John Randolph Barden. PhD diss., Duke University, 1993. ProQuest 9416895.
- Art, Mystery, and Occupation: Building Culture in Eighteenth-Century Williamsburg, Virginia. By Elizabeth Cook. M.A. thesis, William & Mary, 2010. The thesis highlights the free and enslaved men who built this city and represents the sort of craftsmen who worked in all the colonies to build the physical structures in which colonists and their enslaved and free workforces lived and worked.
- The Journal & Letters of Philip Vickers Fithian, 1773-1774: A Plantation Tutor of the Old Dominion. By Hunter Dickinson Farish, ed. Williamsburg, VA: Colonial Williamsburg, 1943.
- The First Emancipator: The Forgotten Story of Robert Carter the Founding Father Who Freed His Slaves. By Andrew Levy. New York: Random House, 2005.
- Institutional Slavery: Slaveholding Churches, Schools, Colleges, and Businesses in Virginia, 1680-1860. By Jennifer Oast. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015.
- A Politician Thinking: The Creative Mind of James Madison. By Jack N. Norman Rakove: University of Oklahoma Press, 2017.
- Those Who Labor for my Happiness: Slavery at Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello. By Lucia Stanton, Lucia. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press in association with the Thomas Jefferson Foundation, 2012.
- "The Only Unavoidable Subject of Regret": George Washington, Slavery, and the Enslaved Community at Mount Vernon. By Mary V Thompson. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2019.
- Race and Liberty in the New Nation: Emancipation in Virginia from the Revolution to Nat Turner’s Rebellion. By Eva Sheppard Wolf. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2006.