After the war, the Lanes moved to Virginia, where John joined the Virginia State Legion in 1782. A year later, when the legion disbanded, John became a member of the Public Guard and the family moved to Columbia, southeast of Charlottesville. There, at Point of Fork, laborers provided arms and clothing for the state's militia. Anna Maria took on a more traditional role, earning extra money doing laundry.
By 1801, the arsenal at Point of Fork was moved to Richmond, where mostly disabled veterans were part of a guard garrison. Weapons were also produced and repaired at this location. John Lane, by then 75, may have assisted with other guardhouse duties. Anna Maria Lane, meanwhile, served as a nurse and received a small stipend at the recommendation of the city's health officer, Dr. John H. Foushee, whose father, William Foushee, was a member of Gov. James Monroe's council of state, the body that oversaw such decisions.
Anna Maria Lane's deteriorating health required her to stop working in 1804. Four years later, when the General Assembly reduced the size of the guard, John was discharged.
Aging and ill, the Lanes applied to the state of Virginia for a pension.
Virginia Gov. William Cabell championed the case of impoverished veterans. In his January 1808 message to the speaker of the House of Delegates, Cabell called for pensions for those "worn out in the public service."
Cabell's letter singled out Anna Maria Lane, who had been "disabled by a severe wound which she received while fighting as a common soldier, in one of our Revolutionary battles, from which she never has recovered, and perhaps never will recover."
Members of the House of Delegates may have interviewed Lane, but no record has survived. Judging from the pension they awarded Lane, though, the legislators were impressed by what they heard. Anna Maria Lane received the pension until her death in 1810.
For Joyce Henry, the language used by the Virginia Assembly signaled Lane could very well have been one of the soldiers injured in the stone house. "To me, that highlights … probably one of the bloodiest and heroic actions of the Battle of Germantown," she said.
Concluded Treadway: "Although we now know virtually none of the details of Anna Maria Lane's activities on the battlefield, the Virginia legislature's unusually generous pension is solid testimony that they were real and important, and that they deserve to be remembered."