Like the Sugar Act, the Stamp Act’s intent was to raise money for the defense of the colonies. This act placed a tax on specific types of documents, which would now need to be written on paper with official stamps. The types of documents included court documents, bonds, land deeds, mortgages, indentures, contracts, playing cards, pamphlets, newspapers, and almanacs.
The Stamp Act lit a fire under the colonists, who felt that their petitioning against the Sugar Act and Stamp Act had gone ignored by Parliament. Almost immediately after word of the Stamp Act reached the colonies, colonial legislatures passed resolutions that outright denied Parliament had the right to tax the colonies. In some colonial towns, resolutions were not enough. Riots broke out in opposition of the Stamp Act in Boston, New York City, Newport, and other colonial towns.
After the fierce protest from the American colonies against the Stamp Act, Parliament repealed the Act in 1766. At the same time, they passed the Declaratory Act, which reaffirmed their right to levy taxes upon the colonies.